A few hours ago, the last of the IPv4 addresses were allocated by IANA. Now's the time to learn more about IPv6! Yesterday, I posted about EIGRP for IPv6, so I think I'll continue the trend by introducing OSPFv3, which is the IPv6 implementation of OSPF. As always, I'm using Cisco routers here. Just as yesterday, this is just a guide to the absolutely basics; if you want to do some funky OSPF magic, you won't find it here – perhaps in time, though.
As with all IPv6 routing protocols, the first thing we need to do is enable IPv6 unicast routing.
OSPFv3 also has the same router ID problem as EIGRP for IPv6 has, so we have to sort that out. You can set the router ID either through a loopback interface with an IPv4 address on it or you can set it manually. I'll just do it manually for now. Let's use OSPF process ID 100.
Router(config)#ipv6 router ospf 100
Just like in OSPFv2 and in EIGRP for IPv6, we add interfaces to the routing protocol instead of using network statements; those don't exist in OSPFv3. Let's assume you already have IPv6 addresses on interface f0/0 and you want that network in area 0.
Router(config-if)#ipv6 ospf 100 area 0
You can see that it's really easy to add interfaces to different areas as well.
Checking Our Work
Just like we did yesterday, let's check to make sure the right interfaces are participating in the routing protocol. We can do this with the show ipv6 ospf interface brief command.
1234 Router#show ipv6 ospf interface briefInterface PID Area Intf ID Cost State Nbrs F/CFa0/1 100 0 5 10 BDR 1/1Fa0/0 100 2 4 10 DR 0/0
You can see that we've got two FastEthernet interfaces in two different OSPF areas. You can even see the state and neighbor count in the output.
That looks good, so let's check to see if we have any neighbors. Of course, we already saw that we have one off of f0/1 from the output above, but just humor me and run show ipv6 ospf neighbors.
1234 Router#sh ipv6 ospf neighborNeighbor ID Pri State Dead Time Interface ID Interface192.0.2.2 1 FULL/DR 00:00:31 5 FastEthernet0/1
That looks good to me. The other guy is a DR and is full adjacent with our router. Cool.
One last command shows us the routing table. Can you guess what that command is without looking at the book? Very good, class. It's show ipv6 route.
1234567891011121314151617 Router#sh ipv6 routeIPv6 Routing Table - 6 entries...C FC00:1::/64 [0/0]via ::, FastEthernet0/1L FC00:1::1/128 [0/0]via ::, FastEthernet0/1C FC00:2::/64 [0/0]via ::, FastEthernet0/0L FC00:2::1/128 [0/0]via ::, FastEthernet0/0O FC00:3::/64 [110/20]via FE80::C001:1CFF:FED0:1, FastEthernet0/1OI FC00:4::/64 [110/30]via FE80::C001:1CFF:FED0:1, FastEthernet0/1L FF00::/8 [0/0]via ::, Null0
Isn't that fancy? We seem to have both an area router (the O route) and an inter-area route (the OI route). We are ready for the big time now!
tunnel broker recommendations questions my way.